GAEC de la Ferme MOREL : Always moving forward

Beginning of September a first site of embryo sexing based on qPRC method was organized in the GAEC (collective farming grouping) Morel Farm in Saint-Cyr-sur-Menthon, in Ain. This is a partner breeder of Genes Diffusion practicing The Embryo Transfer (ET) the past 35 years.

Left to right : Etienne MOREL, Nicolas DEGLETAGNE, Xavier and Dominique MORELWith a passion for genetics, Dominique Morel and his associates chose not to exercise a profession of ordinary farmer. Genetics allows them to progress in breeding. « We aim above all the growth of the dairy potential, but also the sale of females which represented, until the arrival of genomics, half of the turnover for milk », develops Dominique Morel.

Reducing the generation interval

Per year, 25-30 embryo flushes are carried out and around fifty embryos are purchased overseas. ET helps to increase the best strains The building of the GAEC Morel Farmof the herd and the lines derived of embryos imported from the U.S. and Canada. « With the arrival of genomics, our interest in ET strengthened in order to reduce even more the generation interval and keep ahead in a world where everything is accelerating », said the farmer.

In this context, the GAEC believes that the embryo sexing is the best way to optimize the management of recipients. Only embryos of female sex are transferred. « For the reason of the costs required for the implementation of the embryo and the immobilization of a recipient, it is not interesting for us to produce a male whose selling price rises to only about 80 Euros », says Dominique MOREL.

Vincent HERBIN, member of ET team of Genes Diffusion Division, in charge of site of embryo sexing with qPCR organized on the GAEC of Morel FarmTransfering only female embryos

On September 4, two cows in fourth lactation and typed in morphology were flushed. This was Adidas (Shottle x Rudolph), whose granddaughter is placed 3rd in the European ranking and Amy-Sam (Mr Sam x Storm), whose granddam was a world champion. From the fifteen biopsied embryos, 8 embryos were revealed males. Female embryos were implemented in the wake of synchronized recipients.

With regard to the results, farmers are more confident. Within ET, the pregnancy rate in the breedings is in average, between 78 and 80%. « The availability of Bruno LARAGE, ET technician at Genes Diffusion gives us flexibility in our organization and in the use of the recipient », says Dominique Morel who, more than ever, continues to explore ways to keep moving ahead.

A first project carried out with the qPCR

The sexing of embryos with qPCR helps to reduce the amount of material to be transported, the number of operations to be performed and the time required for the revelation of genetic informationThanks to the team work of the Research and Development Laboratory of Genes Diffusion Group and the Genes Diffusion Genomics Platform based at the Pasteur Institute in Lille, worksite organization of embryo sexing, which is very time-consuming, is further simplified.

The use of qPCR reduces the amount of material to be transported and the number of operations to perform. Therefore, the risk of contamination is limited, ensuring the reliability of results.

Furthermore, obtaining and processing the results are automated, which has the advantage of reducing the time required for the disclosure of genetic information, enabling to relocate as soon as possible the embryo into cold place and thus improve pregnancy rate.

This exclusive technique of Genes Diffusion Group is now available for farmers. Three mobile units of sexing in farm are operational throughout the entire territory covered by the team of Embryo Transfer.

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