100 Breton Heifers and Bull Dams in the Czech Republic
The economical course
« I will take you for a visit to one of the best Czech farms as far as milk production
is concerned » says Tereza Svarcova, responsible for the selection and matings
at PLEMO-Agro Merin – Chov Servis. During our journey, which takes us through picturesque
villages and nice hills, Teresa explains:
« The objective of our enterprise is to introduce in the
Czech herds the highest level of genetics available in the global breeding world:
bulls that produce long-life, highly productive and functional descendants. In short,
just economical bulls! »
« Good bulls »
PLEMO has been working together with Genes Diffusion for more than three years.
The cooperation consists of the mutual testing of French Holstein bulls. The best
French bulls can also be found in the Czech top list. « This year we will also start
a mutual testing program of Charolais and Limousin bulls ». What Teresa
appreciates most about Genes Diffusion: « Their good bulls », or, put differently,
the genetic level of the proposed bulls.
Five million liters
the Agrodruzstvo Naceradec enterprise, we are welcomed by Zdenek Sedlak, the farm
manager. The enterprise, a cooperation of various owners, was established in 1993.
It has 1750 ha of arable land: 500 ha beet, 300 ha rape, 300 ha cereal, 250 ha mais,
and the rest is grassland. The main activity of the enterprise is milk production:
550 dairy cows produce the quota of 5 million liters.
Everything for the wellbeing of the cows
To take care of the cows, the exploitation has 52
employees divided over three work groups. The principal work group is managed by
two zoo-technicians, the vegetable products are the responsibility of an agricultural
engineer, and the equipment (tractors, material for ensilage…) are maintained by
an engineer. In the milk department, everything possible is done to make the most
of the genetic potential. The cows are kept in groups, in accordance with their
production and lactation stage
However, different breeds are kept together. Zeman
Libor, zoo-technician, explains: « IThere would be too many groups and the cows would
be disrupted by the too frequent activities and handling » The cows are
being milked three times a day and all the buildings used on the operation have
been restructured these past five years. Selection of the animals takes place twice
a year and a veterinarian performs a systematic check-up of the cows five days after
calving, amongst others to prevent acidosis.
Protein very welcome
The enterprise has started with the import of 100 bred heifers – pure Holstein –
from Brittany. « Our priority are components and size. That’s why we like the
French cows ». Since then, various bull dams
have emerged at the farm, that today has a herd consisting of 60% Holstein, 20%
Simmental and 20% Montbéliarde. On average the Holsteins produce 10,500 liter at
3.93%F and 3.6%P. « Protein is very well paid for in the Czech Republic »,
adds Zdenek Sedlak.
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